All of us (read mostly) are aware of our fundamental rights as an individual. But did you know we all have individual rights as well? Law is a complex creature and most of us are misinformed as well.
Here’s a list of individual rights that each one of us should be aware of:
Consenting adults have the right to a live-in relationship: Yes, you read that right. Live-in relationships are not illegal in India, though many land lords don’t bother listening.
A doctor doesn’t have the last say in the rape case: A victim of rape needs to be medically examined as per Section 164 A of the Criminal Procedure Code. The only statement that can be made by the medical officer is that there is evidence of recent sexual activity. Whether the rape has occurred or not is a legal conclusion and the doctor can't take the final decision.
Women can’t be forced to go to a police station for an interrogation: Under Section 160 of the Criminal Procedure Code, a woman can exercise her right to be interrogated at her own residence, instead of the police station. It can also be in the presence of family or friends.
Police officer can’t refuse to lodge a complaint: If they do so, they can even face jail time. This came directly from the Supreme Court.
In case of a rape, women are entitled to free legal aid: This comes under Article 38(1) and Article 21 of the IPC.
Daughters and sons have equal right to inheritance: This comes after the amendments made in 2005 to the Hindu Succession Act.
A rape victim can register a FIR at any police station: This comes under the Right to Zero FIR. Sending complainants to other police stations to keep clear of responsibility is sadly very common. This right means they can't send you away claiming it doesn't come under their area.
Women have the right to lodge virtual complaints: A woman can lodge a complaint via an email or registered post to the Deputy Commissioner or Commissioner of Police if she is unable to go to the police station. The police can then come over to the residence of the victim.
It's time, each one of us knows our rights!